Dating the gospels


To the west it faces the coastal plain and the Mediterranean Sea, about 35 miles (60 km) away.



To the east the city looks down on the Dead Sea and across the Jordan River to the arid mountains of eastern Jordan (the biblical mountains of Moab).The following year Israel declared the city its capital.During the Six-Day War of 1967, the Jewish state occupied the Jordanian sector and shortly thereafter expanded the city boundaries—thereby annexing some areas of the West Bank previously held by the Jordanians—and extended its jurisdiction over the unified city. (For more information on the conflict between Israel and the Arabs, Jerusalem plays a central role in the spiritual and emotional perspective of the three major monotheistic religions.However, goldfinches and linnets, formerly numerous, now rarely appear.

Also often observed within the city are the lesser kestrel and the Palestinian sunbird.

The hot dry desert wind, called khamsin, from the Arabic word for “fifty,” as it is said to come some 50 days per year), is fairly common in autumn and spring.